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The Representative Bureaucracy Research Archive Data Base seeks to collect in one place the scholarly work on representative bureaucracy. The archive actively seeks the participation of others to submit either their own material or works that are currently not included. All studies of bureaucratic representation are welcome – passive, active, and symbolic. 

Suggested Citation: Meier, Kenneth J. and Miyeon Song. Representative Bureaucracy Research Archive. Accessed on [date]. 


To access the archive, click the button provided below.

Submission Guidelines

All article submissions on representative bureaucracy should be made to the following e-mail address:

The subject line of the e-mail should state: “Representative Bureaucracy Paper Submission”
Paper Submissions should contain the following components in a spreadsheet:

  1. Full Citation that is consistent with that in the Database;

  2. Scope of Representation;

  3. Identity Analyzed;

  4. Country Analyzed;

  5. Agency Analyzed;

  6. Summary of the Article;

  7. Academic Field; and

  8. URL Link to Paper (If Available).

If you are unsure of what information should be included in the spreadsheet, consult the Representative Bureaucracy Database for examples.  If a stable web link to the article or working paper is not available, please attach the article to the paper submission e-mail. 

A spreadsheet template can be accessed by clicking here


  1. Citation: Keiser, Lael R., Vicky M. Wilkins, Kenneth J. Meier, and Catherine A. Holland. 2002. "Lipstick and logarithms: Gender, institutional context, and representative bureaucracy." American Political Science Review 96 (3): 553-564. 

  2. Scope: Passive/ Active representation 

  3. Identity: Gender

  4. Country: USA

  5. Agency: Education

  6. Summary: Existing research on representative bureaucracy demonstrates that the link between passive and active representation exists for race but not for sex. Past research on this topic has not, however, taken into account the contextual environment that affects whether sex will translate into gender and lead to active representation in the bureaucracy. This paper creates a framework that specifies the conditions that affect whether passive representation results in active representation for sex and then tests this framework using the case of education. The findings show that passive representation of women in education leads to active representation and that the institutional context affects the extent to which this link between passive and active representation occurs.

  7. Field: Political Science

  8. URL

Feel free to send any and all questions, involving the Representative Bureaucracy Database, to the following e-mail address:

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