PUBLICATIONS

(Click the Citation Below for a Link to the Relevant Online Article Repository)

BOOKS

 

Politics and the Bureaucracy: Policymaking in the Fourth Branch of Government. 5th Edition, Belmont, CA: Thomson-Wadsworth, 2007 with John Bohte.

 

Applied Statistics for Public Administration. 9th Edition, Stamford, CT: Cengage Learning, 2015 with Jeffrey L. Brudney and John Bohte

 

Program Planning and Evaluation for the Public Manager. 2nd Edition, Chicago: Waveland Press, 1991.

 

Regulation: Bureaucracy, Politics, and Economics. New York: St. Martin's Press, 1985.

 

The Political Economy of Regulation: The Case of Insurance. Albany: State University of New York Press, 1988.

 

Race, Class, and Education: The Politics of Second Generation Discrimination. Madison: University of Wisconsin Press, 1989, with Joseph Stewart and Robert England.

 

The Politics of Hispanic Education: Un paso pa'lante y dos pa'tras. Albany, NY: State University of New York Press, 1991, with Joseph Stewart.

 

The Politics of Sin: Drugs, Alcohol and Public Policy. Armonk, NY: M.E. Sharpe, 1994.

 

Regulation and Consumer Protection: Politics, Bureaucracy and Economics. 4th Edition, 2003, with Thomas Garman and Lael R. Keiser.

 

The Case Against School Choice: Politics, Markets and Fools. Armonk, NY: M.E. Sharpe, 1995, with Kevin B. Smith.

 

What Works?: A New Approach to Program and Policy Analysis. Boulder, CO: Westview Press, 2000, with Jeff Gill.

 

The Politics of Fertility Control Policy. New York: Chatham House Publishers, 2001, with Deborah R. McFarlane.

 

Politics, Policy and Organizations: New Frontiers in the Scientific Study of Bureaucracy. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press, 2003 with George Krause.

 

Bureaucracy in a Democratic State: A Governance Perspective. Baltimore: The Johns Hopkins University Press, 2006, with Laurence J. O’Toole.

 

London: Cambridge University Press, 2006, with George Boyne, Laurence J. O’Toole Public Service Performance: Perspectives on Measurement and Management. and Richard Walker.

 

Latino Politics: Identity, Mobilization, and Representation. Charlottesville VA: University of Virginia Press, 2007, with Rodolfo Espino, III and David L. Leal.

 

The Wit and Humor of Political Science. Washington, DC: American Political Science Association and European Consortium for Political Research, 2010, with Lee Sigelman, Bernie Grofman, and Ken Newton.

 

Public Management: Organizations, Governance, and Performance. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2011, with Laurence J. O’Toole.

 

The Politics of Latino Education. New York: Columbia University Press, 2011, with David L. Leal.

 

The Politics of African American Education: Representation, Partisanship and Educational Equity. New York: Cambridge University Press, 2017 with Amanda Rutherford.

 

Comparative Public Management: Why National, Environmental, and Organizational Context Matters. Washington, DC: Georgetown University Press 2017, with Amanda Rutherford and Claudia Avellaneda.

 

 

 

JOURNAL ARTICLES

 

“Looking for Meaning in All the Wrong Places: Country Music and the Politics of Identity.” Social Science Quarterly (forthcoming).

 

“Management and Performance in US Nursing Homes.” Journal of Public Administration Research and Theory (forthcoming) with Anna Amirkhanyan, Laurence J. O’Toole, Mueen A. Dakhwe, and Shawn Janzen.

 

“Public Management on the Ground: Clustering Managers Based on Their Behavior.” International Public Management Journal (forthcoming) with Mogens Pedersen, Vibeke Nielsen, and Nathan Favero.

 

Politics, Groups “Forty Acres and a Mule: Housing Programs and Policy Feedback for African Americans.” and Identities (forthcoming) with Austin Johnson and Kristen Carroll.

 

Politics, Groups “Demographic Dreams, Institutional Realities: Election Design and Latino Representation in American Education.” and Identities (forthcoming) with Angel L. Molina, Jr.

 

“How Should We Estimate the Performance Effect of Management? Comparing Impacts (forthcoming) with Nathan Favero, Simon Calmar Andersen, Laurence J. O’Toole International Public Management Journal of Public Managers' and  Front-line Employees’ Perceptions of Management.” and Søren Winter.

 

“Isopraxis Leadership: Leader Confidence, Managerial Strategy and Organizational Performance.” Chinese Public Administration Review 8 (Number 1, June 2017),47-64 with Laurence J. O’Toole.

 

“Managing in the Regulatory Thicket: Regulation Legitimacy and Expertise.” Public Administration Review 77 (Number 3, 2017), 381-394 with Anna Amirkhanyan and Laurence J. O’Toole.

 

“Women and Public Administration in Comparative Perspective: The Case of Representation in Brazilian Local Governments.” Administration & Society 49 (Number 1 2017), 121-142 with Kendall Funk.

 

“For the Want of a Nail: The Interaction of Managerial Capacity and Human Resources Management on Organizational Performance.” Public Administration Review 77: (Number 1, 2017), 118-130 with Erin K. Melton.

 

“Managing Social Capital and Diversity for Performance in Public Organizations.” Public Administration 94 (Number 3, 2016), 609-629 with Mallory Compton.

 

“Goals, Trust, Participation and Feedback: Linking Internal Management with Performance Outcomes.” Journal of Public Administration Research and Theory 26 (Number 2, 2016), 327-343, with Nathan Favero and  Laurence J. O’Toole.

 

“Social Context, Management, and Organizational Performance: When Human Capital and Social Capital Serve as Substitutes.” Public Management Review 18 (Number 2, 2016), 258-277 with Mallory Compton and Nathan Favero.

 

93 (Number 4 2015), 1084-1101 with Nathan Favero, Simon Calmar Andersen, Laurence J. O’Toole Public Administration“The Validity of Subjective Performance Measures: School Principals in Texas and Denmark.” and Søren Winter.

 

“Performance Gaps and Managerial Decisions: A Bayesian Decision Theory of Managerial Action.” Journal of Public Administration Research and Theory 25 (October 2015), 1221-1246, with Ling Zhu and Nathan Favero.

 

18 (Number 1, 2015), 130-150, with Nathan Favero, Simon Calmar Andersen, Laurence J. O’Toole International Public Management Journal“Taking Managerial Context Seriously: Public Management and Performance in U.S. and Denmark Schools.” and Søren Winter.

 

“Managerial Goals in a Performance Driven System: Theory and Empirical Tests in Higher Education.” Public Administration 93 (Number 1 2015), 17-33, with Amanda Rutherford.

 

“Proverbs and the Evolution of Public Administration.” Public Administration Review 75 (January/February 2015), 15-24.

 

“Replenishing Our Theoretical Capital: An Introduction to the Public Management Theory Symposium.” Journal of Public Administration Research and Theory 25 (January 2015), 1-4.

 

“Public Management, Context, and Performance: In Quest of a More General Theory.” Journal of Public Administration Research and Theory 25 (January 2015), 237-256, with Laurence J. O’Toole.

 

“Partisanship, Structure and Representation: The Puzzle of African American Education Politics.” American Political Science Review 108 (May 2014), 265-280, with Amanda Rutherford.

 

76 (April 2014), 364-380, with Soledad Journal of Politics“Taxes, Incentives, and Economic Growth: Assessing the Impact of Pro-business Taxes on U.S. State Economies.” Artiz Prillaman.

 

“Representative Bureaucracy and Fire Service Performance.” International Public Management Journal 17 (Number 1 2014), 1-24, with Rhys Andrews and Rachel Ashworth.

 

“Burdened by Bureaucracy: Determinants of Administrative Intensity in Public Organizations.” International Public Management Journal 16 (Number 2 2013), 307-327, with George A. Boyne.

 

“I Think (I Am Doing Well), Therefore I Am: Assessing the Validity of Administrators’ Self-assessments of Performance.” International Public Management Journal 16 (Number 1, 2013), 1-27, with Laurence J. O’Toole.

 

“Evaluating Urban Public Schools: Parents, Teachers and State Assessments.” Public Administration Review 73 (May/June 2013), 401-412, with Nathan Favero.

 

“The Multiple Dimensions of Managerial Networking.” American Review of Public Administration 43 (Number 3, 2013), 251-272, with René Torenvlied, Agnes Akkerman, and Laurence J. O’Toole.

 

“Managing Migration? EU Enlargement, Local Government Capacity and Performance in England.” Public Administration 91 (March 2013), 174-194, with Rhys Andrews, George Boyne, Laurence O’Toole and Richard Walker.

 

“Social Capital in the Fifty States: Measuring State-Level Social Capital 1986-2004.” State Politics and Policy Quarterly 13 (March 2013), 121-138, with Rene R. Rocha and Daniel P. Hawes.

 

“Subjective Organizational Performance and Measurement Error: Common Source Bias and Spurious Relationships.” Journal of Public Administration Research and Theory 23 (April 2013), 429-456, with Laurence J. O’Toole.

 

“Latino Heterogeneity and the Politics of Education: The Role of Context.” Social Science Quarterly 93 (September 2012), 732-749, with Erin K. Melton.

 

Public Administration 90 (Number 1 2012), 77-98, with Rhys Andrews, George Boyne, Laurence O’Toole and Richard Walker.“Vertical Strategic Alignment and Public Service Performance.”

 

41 (July 2011), 355-374, with Rhys Andrews, George Boyne, Laurence O’Toole American Review of Public Administration“Environmental and Organizational Determinants of External Networking.” and Richard Walker.

 

Journal of Public Administration Research and Theory 21 (Supplement 3, July 2011), i283-301, with Laurence J. O’Toole.“Comparing Public and Private Management: Theoretical Expectations.”

 

17 (February 2011), 207-213, with Rhys Andrews, George Boyne, Laurence O’Toole Public Policy Research“Managing Migration: How Some Councils Cope Better than Others.” and Richard Walker.

 

“Governance, Structure, and Democracy: Luther Gulick and Future of Public Administration.” Public Administration Review 20 (Special Issue 2010), S284-S292.

 

Public Admi“Beware of Managers Not Bearing Gifts: How Management Capacity Augments the Impact of Managerial Networking.” nistrat

ion 88 (December 2010), 1025-1044, with Laurence J. O’Toole.

 

Public Administration Review 70 (Sept/Oct 2010), 731-741, with Rhys Andrews, George A. Boyne, Laurence J. O’Toole “Wakeup Call: Strategic Management, Network Alarms, and Performance.”and Richard M. Walker.

 

“Alignment and Results: Testing the Interaction Effects of Strategy, Structure and Environment from Miles and Snow.” Administration & Society 42 (Number 2, 2010), 160-192, with Rhys Andrews, George A. Boyne, Laurence J. O’Toole and Richard M. Walker.

 

“In Defense of Bureaucracy: Public Managerial Capacity, Slack, and the Dampening of Environmental Shocks.” Public Management Review 12 (May 2010), 341-362 with Laurence J. O’Toole.

 

“I’ve Seen Fire and I’ve Seen Rain: Public Management and Performance after a Natural Disaster.” Administration & Society 41 (January 2010), 979-1003, with Laurence J. O’Toole and Alisa K. Hicklin.

 

“Looking for Their Dick Vermeil: How Prior Performance Influences the Selection Decision.” Public Organization Review 9 (March 2009), 1-14, with Madinah Hamidullah and Vicky Wilkins.

 

“The Dog that Didn’t Bark: How Public Managers Handle Environmental Shocks.” Public Administration 87 (Issue 3, 2009), 485-502, with Laurence J. O’Toole.

 

“The Human Side of Public Organizations: Contributions to Organizational Performance.” American Review of Public Administration 39 (September 2009), 499-518, with Laurence J. O’Toole.

 

“Environmental Change, Human Resources and Organizational Turnaround.” Journal of Management Studies 46 (July 2009), 835-63, with George A. Boyne.

 

“Ethnic Conflict in France: A Case for Representative Bureaucracy?” American Review of Public Administration 39 (May 2009), 269-285, with Daniel P. Hawes.

 

37 (Number 1, 2009), 19-37, with Rhys Andrews, George A. Boyne, Laurence J. O’Toole Policy & Politics“EU Accession and Public Service Performance.” and Richard M. Walker.

 

“The Proverbs of New Public Management: Lessons from an Evidence-Based Research Agenda.” American Review of Public Administration 39 (January 2009), 4-22, with Laurence J. O’Toole.

 

“Environmental Turbulence, Organizational Stability, and Public Service Performance.” Administration & Society 40(January 2009), 799-824, with George A. Boyne.

 

“Employee Turnover and Organizational Performance: Testing a Hypothesis from Classical Public Administration,” Journal of Public Administration Research and Theory 18 (October 2008), 573-590, with Alisa K. Hicklin.

 

“Race, Structure and State Governments: The Politics of Higher Education Diversity.” Journal of Politics 70 (July 2008), 851-861, with Alisa K. Hicklin.

 

“The Scientific Study of Public Administration: A Short Essay on the State of the Field.” International Review of Public Administration 13 (Number 1, 2008), 1-10.

 

“Trading Speed for Accuracy? Managing Goal Conflict and Accommodation in the U.S. Unemployment Insurance Program.” Policy Studies Journal 36 (May 2008), 175-198, with Jeffrey B. Wenger and Laurence J. O’Toole.

 

“Serpents in the Sand: Managerial Networking and Nonlinear Influences on Organizational Performance.” Journal of Public Administration Research and Theory 18 (Number 2, 2008), 253-274, with Alisa K. Hicklin and Laurence J. O’Toole.

 

“Management Theory and Occam’s Razor: How Public Organizations Buffer the Environment.” Administration & Society 39 (January 2008), 931-959, with Laurence J. O’Toole.

 

“Modeling Public Management: Empirical Analysis of the Management-Performance Nexus.” Public Management Review 9 (December 2007), 503-527, with Laurence J. O’Toole.

 

“Networking in Comparative Context: Public Managers in the US and UK.” Public Management Review 9 (September 2007), 401-420, with Laurence J. O’Toole, Richard Walker, and George Boyne.

 

“It’s Where You Are that Matters: The Networking Behaviour of English Local Government Officers.” Public Administration 85 (Number 3, 2007), 739-756, with Richard Walker and Laurence J. O’Toole.

 

17 (July 2007), 357-379, with Laurence J. O’Toole, George A. Boyne Journal of Public Administration Research and Theory“Strategic Management and the Performance of Public Organizations: Testing Venerable Ideas against Recent Theories.” and Richard Walker.

 

“Public Management and the Administrative Conservator: Empirical Support for Larry Terry’s Prescriptions.” Administrative Theory and Praxis 19 (March 2007), 148-156, with Laurence J. O’Toole.

 

50 (February 2007), 140-150, with Scott Robinson, Floun’Caver, and Laurence J. O’Toole.say American Journal of Political Science“Explaining Policy Punctuations: Bureaucratic Centralization, Organizational Size and the Punctuated Equilibrium Theory of Public Agency Budgets.”

 

“Networking in the Penumbra: Public Management, Cooptative Links, and Distributional Consequences.” International Public Management Journal 9 (Number 3, 2006), 271-294, with Laurence J. O’Toole.

 

23 (September 2006), with Alisa Hicklin, Daniel Hawes, Rene Rocha Review of Policy Research“The Role of Management in Improving Performance of Disadvantaged Students: An Application of Bum Phillips’ ‘Don Shula Rule.’” and Carl Doerfler, 1095-1110.

 

“Le lien entre represéntativité passive et active de l’administration.” [The Linkages between Active and Passive Bureaucratic Representation] Revue française d’Administration publique (Number 118, 2006), 265-280, with Daniel Hawes.

 

“Path Dependence and Organizational Behavior: Bureaucracy and Social Promotion.” American Review of Public Administration 36 (Number 3 2006), 241-260, with Scott Robinson.

 

“Gender and Emotional Labor in Public Organizations: An Empirical Examination of the Link to Performance.” Public Administration Review 66 (November/December 2006), 899-910, with Sharon H. Mastracci and Kristin Wilson.

 

“Gender, Representative Bureaucracy, and Law Enforcement: The Case of Sexual Assault.” Public Administration Review 66 (November/December 2006), 850-860, with Jill Nicholson-Crotty.

 

“Management Activity and Program Performance: Gender as Management Capital.” Public Administration Review 66 (January/February 2006), 24-36, with Laurence J. O’Toole and Holly T. Goerdel.

 

“Political Control Versus Bureaucratic Values: Reframing the Debate.” Public Administration Review 66 (March/April 2006), 177-192, with Laurence J. O’Toole.

 

“Public Administration and the Myth of Positivism: The AntiChrist’s View.” Administrative Theory and Praxis 27 (December 2005), 650-668.

 

“Managerial Networking: Issues of Measurement and Research Design.” Administration & Society 37 (November 2005), 523-541, with Laurence J. O’Toole.

 

“Where Next? Research Directions on Performance in Public Organizations.” Journal of Public Administration Research and Theory 15 (October 2005), 633-639, with George Boyne, Laurence J. O’Toole, and Richard Walker.

 

“Structural Choices and Representational Biases: The Post-Election Color of Representation.” American Journal of Political Science 49 (October 2005), 758-769, with Eric Gonzalez Juenke, Robert D. Wrinkle, and J.L. Polinard.

 

“Representative Bureaucracy, Organizational Strategy and Public Service Performance: An Empirical Analysis of English Local Governments.” Journal of Public Administration Research and Theory 15 (October 2005), 489-504, with Rhys Andrews, George A. Boyne, Laurence J. O’Toole, and Richard Walker.

 

“Managing Upward, Downward, and Outward: Networks, Hierarchical Relationships and Performance.” Public Management Review 7 (Issue 1 2005), 45-68, with Laurence J. O’Toole and Sean Nicholson-Crotty.

 

“Race, Sex and Clarence Thomas: Representation Change in the EEOC.” Public Administration Review 65 (March /April 2005), 171-179, with Warren Eller and Michael Pennington.

 

“Public Management in Intergovernmental Networks: Matching Structural Networks and Managerial Networking.” Journal of Public Administration Research and Theory 14 (October 2004), 469-495 with Laurence J. O’Toole.

 

21 (November 2004), 799-808, with Scott Robinson, Warren Eller, Miner P. Marchbanks, III, Robert D. Wrinkle Review of Policy Research“A Lingering Question of Priorities: Athletic Budgets and Academic Performance Revisited.” and J.L. Polinard.

 

“The Politics of Latino Education: The Biases of At-Large Elections.” Journal of Politics 66 (November 2004), 1224-1244 with David Leal and Valerie Martinez-Ebers.

 

“Divided or Together? Conflict and Cooperation between African Americans and Latinos.” Political Research Quarterly 57 (September 2004), 399-409 with Paula D. McClain, Robert D. Wrinkle, and J.L. Polinard.

 

“Desperately Seeking Selznick: Cooptation and the Dark Side of Public Management in Networks.” Public Administration Review 64 (November/December 2004), 681-693 with Laurence J. O’Toole, Jr.

 

“Parkinson’s Law and the New Public Management? Contracting Determinants and Service Quality Consequences in Public Education.” Public Administration Review 64 (May/June 2004), 342-352 with Laurence J. O’Toole.

 

“Multilevel Governance and Organizational Performance: Investigating the Political-Bureaucratic Labyrinth.” Journal of Policy Analysis and Management 23 (Winter 2004), 31-48, with Laurence J. O’Toole and Sean Nicholson-Crotty.

 

“Legislative Victory, Electoral Uncertainty: Explaining Outcomes in the Battles over Lesbian and Gay Civil Rights.” Review of Policy Research 20 (Winter 2003), 671-690, with Donald P. Haider-Markel.

 

Public Administration Review 63 (November/“Public Management and Educational Performance: The Impact of Managerial Networking.” December, 2003), 675-685, with Laurence J. O’Toole.

 

“Plus ça Change: Public Management, Personnel Stability, and Organizational Performance.” Journal of Public Administration Research and Theory 13 (January 2003), 43-64 with Laurence J. O’Toole.

 

“The Politics of Structure in Higher Education: Bureaucracy and Access to Education.” Educational Policy 17 (January and March 2003), 98-120, with Jill Nicholson-Crotty.

 

“Not with a Bang but a Whimper: Explaining Organizational Failures.” Administration & Society 35 (March 2003), 104-121 with John Bohte.

 

“Crime and Punishment: The Politics of Federal Criminal Justice Sanctions.” Political Research Quarterly 56 (June 2003), 119-26 with Sean Nicholson-Crotty.

 

“Span of Control and Public Organizations: Implementing Luther Gulick’s Research Design.” Public Administration Review 63 (January/February 2003), 22-31 with John Bohte.

 

“Size Doesn’t Matter: In Defense of Single State Studies.” State Politics and Policy Quarterly 2 (Winter 2002), 411-422, with Sean Nicholson-Crotty.

 

“Public Management and Organizational Performance: The Impact of Managerial Quality.” Journal of Policy Analysis and Management 21 (Fall 2002), 629-643 with Laurence J. O’Toole.

 

“Lipstick and Logarithms: Gender, Institutional Context and Representative Bureaucracy.” American Political Science Review 96 (September 2002), 553-564 with Lael R. Keiser, Vicky Wilkins, and Catherine Holland.

 

“Gender Differences in Agency Head Salaries: The Case of Public Education.” Public Administration Review 62 (July/August 2002), 397-403 with Vicky M. Wilkins.

 

“A Research Agenda on Elections and Education.” Educational Policy 16 (January/March 2002), 219-230.

 

“Structure and Discretion: Missing Links in Representative Bureaucracy.” Journal of Public Administration Research and Theory 11 (October 2001), 455-470 with John Bohte.

 

“Structure and the Performance of Public Organizations: Task Difficulty and Span of Control.” Public Organization Review 1 (Number 3, 2001), 341-354 with John Bohte.

 

“Managerial Strategies and Behavior in Networks: A Model with Evidence from U.S. Public Education.” Journal of Public Administration Research and Theory 11 (July 2001), 271-295, with Laurence J. O’Toole.

 

63 (May 2001), 616-29, with Warren Eller, Robert Wrinkle Journal of Politics“Zen and the Art of Policy Analysis.” and J.L. Polinard.

 

“Ralph's Pretty Good Grocery Versus Ralph's Super Market: Separating Excellent Agencies from the Good Ones.” 61 Public Administration Review (January/February 2001), 9-17, with Jeff Gill.

 

“The Marble Cake: Introducing Federalism to the Government Growth Equation.” Publius 30 (Summer 2000), 35-46 with John Bohte.

 

“Regulation and Signaling: When a Tax Is Not Just a Tax.” Journal of Politics 62 (August 2000), 875-885, with Michael J. Licari.

 

“Bureaucracy and Organizational Performance: Causality Arguments about Public Schools.” American Journal of Political Science 44 (July 2000), 590-603 with Robert Wrinkle and J.L. Polinard.

 

“Ode to Luther Gulick: Span of Control and Organizational Performance.” Administration & Society 32 (May 2000), 115-137, with John Bohte.

 

“Public Administration Research and Practice: A Methodological Manifesto.” Journal of Public Administration Research and Theory 10 (January 2000), 157-200 with Jeff Gill.

 

81 (Social Science QuarterlyMarch, 2000), 123-135, with Robert D. Wrinkle and J.L. Polinard.“Micheal Giles and Mancur Olson Meet Vincent Ostrom: Jurisdiction Size and Latino Representation.”

 

“Goal Displacement: Assessing the Motivation for Organizational Cheating.” Public Administration Review 60 (March/April 2000), 173-182 with John Bohte.

 

“Drugs, Sex, Rock and Roll: A Theory of Morality Politics.” Policy Studies Journal 27 (December 1999), 681-695.

 

“Modeling the Impact of Public Management: The Implications of Structural Context.” Journal of Public Administration Research and Theory 9 (October 1999), 505-526, with Laurence J. O'Toole.

 

“Representative Bureaucracy and Distributional Equity: Addressing the Hard Question.” Journal of Politics 61 (November 1999), 1025-39 with Robert D. Wrinkle and J. L. Polinard.

 

“Representative Bureaucracy and Minority Student Performance: The Interaction of Resources and Representation.”  Journal of Public Management and Social Policy 5 (Summer 1999), 85-96 with Robert D. Wrinkle and J.L. Polinard.

 

“Equity Versus Excellence in Organizations: An Application of Substantively Weighted Least Squares.” American Review of Public Administration 29 (March 1999), 5-18, with Robert D. Wrinkle and J.L. Polinard.

 

“Politics, Bureaucracy and Farm Credit.” Public Administration Review 59 (July/August 1999), 293-302, with Robert D. Wrinkle and J. L. Polinard.

 

“Gender Neutral Automobile-Insurance Rates: Have They Made a Difference?” Environment and Planning C: Government and Policy 16 (1998), 505-516, with Anthony J. Stanislawski.

 

“Principal-Agent Models: An Expansion?” Journal of Public Administration Research and Theory 8 (April 1998), 173-202 with Richard Waterman.

 

“Do Different Funding Mechanisms Produce Different Results? The Case for Earmarking Family Planning Expenditures.” Journal of Health Politics, Policy and Law 23 (June 1998), 423-454 with Deborah R. McFarlane.

 

“Bureaucracy and Democracy: The Case for Less Democracy and More Bureaucracy.” Public Administration Review 57 (May/June 1997), 193-99.

 

“Cigarette Taxes, Smoking and Public Health: 1955-1994.” American Journal of Public Health 87 (July 1997), 1126-30, with Michael J. Licari.

 

“Regulatory Policy When Behavior is Addictive: Smoking, Cigarette Taxes and Bootlegging.” Political Research Quarterly 50 (March 1997), 5-24 with Michael J. Licari.

 

“Ethnicity and Non-Electoral Political Participation.” Hispanic Journal of Behavioral Science 18 (May 1996), 142-53 with Robert Wrinkle, Joseph Stewart, J.L. Polinard, and John Arvizu.

 

56 (September/Public Administration ReviewOctober, 1996), 459-466, with Lael R. Keiser.“Public Administration as a Science of the Artificial: A Methodology for Prescription.”

 

“Assessing the Impact of State Level Restrictions on Abortion.” Demography 33 (August 1996), 307-312, with Donald P. Haider-Markel, Anthony Stanislawski, and Deborah R. McFarlane.

 

“The Politics of Gay and Lesbian Rights: Expanding the Scope of the Conflict.” Journal of Politics 58 (May 1996), 332-49, with Donald P. Haider-Markel.

 

“Policy Design, Bureaucratic Incentives and Public Management: The Case of Child Support Enforcement.” Journal of Public Administration Research and Theory 6 (July 1996), 337-364, with Lael R. Keiser.

 

“Statutory Coherence and Policy Implementation: The Case of Family Planning.” Journal of Public Policy 15 (No. 3, 1996), 281-298, with Deborah R. McFarlane.

 

“The Influence of Educational and Political Resources on Minority Students' Success.” Journal of Negro Education 64 (Fall 1995), 463-474, with J.L. Polinard and Robert W. Wrinkle.

 

“Politics, Bureaucracy, and Agricultural Policy: An Alternative View of Political Control.” American Politics Quarterly 22 (October 1995), 427-460 with Robert Wrinkle and J.L. Polinard.

 

“Public Choice in Education: Markets and the Demand for Quality Education.” Political Research Quarterly 48 (September 1995), 461-478, with Kevin B. Smith.

 

“Politics and the Quality of Education: Improving Student Performance.” Political Research Quarterly 48 (June 1995), 329-344, with Kevin B. Smith.

 

“State Abortion Funding Policies in 1990.” Women and Health 22 (Number 1, 1994), 99-115, with Deborah R. McFarlane.

 

“Representative Democracy and Representative Bureaucracy: Examining the Top Down and the Bottom Up Linkages.” Social Science Quarterly 75 (December 1994), 790-803, with Kevin B. Smith.

 

“Politics, Bureaucrats, and Schools.” Public Administration Review 54 (November/December 1994), 551-558, with Kevin B. Smith.

 

“Say It Ain't So, Moe: Institutional Design, Policy Effectiveness, and Drug Policy.” Journal of Public Administration Research and Theory 4 (October 1994), 429-442, with Kevin B. Smith.

 

“State Family Planning and Abortion Expenditures: Their Effect on Public Health.” American Journal of Public Health 84 (September 1994), 1468-72, with Deborah R. McFarlane.

 

“Restructuring Federalism: The Impact of Reagan Policies on the U.S. Family Planning Program.” Journal of Health Politics, Policy, and Law 18 (Winter 1993), 821-850, with Deborah R. McFarlane.

 

“Latinos and Representative Bureaucracy: Testing the Thompson and Henderson Hypotheses.” Journal of Public Administration Research and Theory 3 (October 1993), 393-415.

 

“The Politics of Abortion Funding: State Responses to the Political Environment.” American Politics Quarterly 21 (January 1993), 82-101, with Deborah R. McFarlane.

 

“Active Representation in Educational Bureaucracies: Policy Impacts.” American Review of Public Administration 22 (September 1992), 157-171, with Joseph Stewart, Jr.

 

“State Policies on Funding Abortions: A Pooled Time Series Analysis.” Social Science Quarterly 73 (November 1992), 690-98, with Deborah R. McFarlane.

 

“Mexican Americans and Municipal Employment: An Analysis of Status and Pay Levels.” State and Local Government Review 24 (Winter 1992), 36-42, with Robert Wrinkle, J. L. Polinard, and Tomas Longoria.

 

“I Seen My Opportunities and I Took 'em: Political Corruption in the American States.” Journal of Politics 54 (February 1992), 135-155, with Thomas M. Holbrook.

 

“The Politics of Drug Abuse: Laws, Implementation, and Consequences.” Western Political Quarterly 45 (March 1992), 41-69.

 

“The Politics of Insurance Regulation.” Journal of Risk and Insurance 58 (December 1991), 700-713.

 

“Financing Family Planning Services: Is Categorical Legislation Still Needed?" American Journal of Gynecological Health 5 (September/October 1991), 23-30, with Deborah R. McFarlane.

 

“Cooperation and Conflict in Multiracial School Districts.” Journal of Politics 53 (November 1991), 1123-1133, with Joseph Stewart, Jr.

 

“No Longer Gaining Ground: An Update.” American Politics Quarterly 19 (July 1991), 377-385, with Thomas M. Holbrook.

 

“The Politics of Bureaucratic Discretion: Educational Access as an Urban Service.” American Journal of Political Science 35 (February 1991), 155-177, with Joseph Stewart and Robert England.

 

“Excellence in Education: Second Generation School Discrimination as a Barrier.” Equity and Excellence 24 (Summer 1990), 35-40, with Robert England and Joseph Stewart.

 

“The Wages of Sin: Taxing America's Legal Vices.” Western Political Quarterly 43 (September 1990), 577-596, with Cathy M. Johnson.

 

“The Politics of Demon Rum: Regulating Alcohol and Its Deleterious Consequences.” American Politics Quarterly 18 (October 1990), 404-429, with Cathy M. Johnson.

 

“Presidential Control Versus Bureaucratic Power: Explaining the Reagan Revolution in Antitrust.” American Journal of Political Science 34 (February 1990), 269-287, with Marc Allen Eisner.

 

“Black Representation in Urban School Districts: From School Board to Office to Classroom.” Western Political Quarterly 42 (June 1989), 287-306, with Joseph Stewart and Robert England.

 

“In Quest of Role Models: Change in Black Teacher Representation in Urban School Districts, 1968-1986.” Journal of Negro Education 58 (Spring 1989), 140-152, with Joseph Stewart and Robert England.

 

“Second Generation Educational Discrimination and White Flight from Public Schools.” National Political Science Review 1 (Summer 1989), 76-90, with Joseph Stewart and Robert England.

 

“Deregulation, Competition, and Economic Changes: Assessing the Responsibility for Bank Failures.” Policy Studies Journal 16 (Spring 1988), 427-440, with Jeff Worsham.

 

“Barriers to Equal Opportunity: Educational Practices and Minority Students.” Urban Affairs Quarterly 23 (June 1988), 635-646, with Robert England and Luis R. Fraga.

 

“Tort Reform and Regulation of the Insurance Industry: Medical Malpractice Liability Proposals in 1986.” Publius 17 (Summer 1987), 163-177, with Gary W. Copeland.

 

“Gaining Ground: The Impact of Medicaid and WIC on Infant Mortality.” American Politics Quarterly 15 (April 1987), 254-273, with Gary W. Copeland.

 

“The Political Economy of Consumer Protection: An Examination of State Legislation.” Western Political Quarterly 30 (June 1987), 343-367.

 

“The Policy Impact of No-Fault Automobile Insurance.” Policy Studies Review 7 (February 1987), 496-506.

 

“Hispanic Americans and Educational Policy: Limits to Equal Access.” Journal of Politics 48 (November 1986), 850-876, with Luis Ricardo Fraga and Robert E. England.

 

“Black Resources and Black School Board Representation: Does Political Structure Matter?” Social Science Quarterly 66 (December 1985), 976-982, with Ted Robinson and Robert England.

 

“From Desegregation to Integration: Second Generation School Discrimination as an Institutional Impediment.” American Politics Quarterly 13 (April 1985), 227-247, with Robert E. England. 

 

“Black Representation and Educational Policy: Are They Related?” American Political Science Review 78 (June 1984), 392-403, with Robert England.

 

“Teachers, Students, and Discrimination: The Policy Impact of Black Representation.” Journal of Politics 46 (February 1984), 252-263.

 

“Pass the Biscuits, Pappy: Congressional Decision Making and Federal Grants.” American Politics Quarterly 12 (January 1984), 3-21, with Gary W. Copeland.

 

“Interest Groups and Public Policy.” Social Science Quarterly 64 (September 1983), 641-646, with Gary W. Copeland.

 

“Citizen Compliance with Public Policy: The National Maximum Speed Law.” Western Political Quarterly 25 (June 1982), 258-273, with David R. Morgan.

 

“Reputation and Productivity of Public Administration/Affairs Programs: Additional Data.” Public Administration Review 42 (March/April 1982), 171-173, with David R. Morgan.

 

“Reputation and Productivity Among U.S. Public Administration and Public Affairs Programs.” Public Administration Review 41 (November/December 1981), 666-673, with David Morgan, Richard Kearney, Steve Hays, and Harold Birch.

 

“Speed Kills: A Longitudinal Analysis of Traffic Fatalities and the 55 MPH Speed Limit.” Policy Studies Review 1 (August 1981), 157-167, with David R. Morgan.

 

“Ode to Patronage: A Critical Analysis of Two Recent Supreme Court Decisions.” Public Administration Review 41 (September/October 1981), 558-563.

 

“Measuring Organizational Power: Resources and Autonomy of Government Agencies.” Administration & Society 12 (November 1980), 357-375.

 

“The Impact of Regulatory Agency Structure: IRCs or DRAs?” Southern Review of Public Administration 3 (March 1980), 427-443.

 

“Politics and Morality: The Effect of Religion on Referenda Voting.” Social Science Quarterly 61 (June 1980), 144-148, with David R. Morgan.

 

“Executive Reorganization of Government: Impact on Employment and Expenditures.” American Journal of Political Science 24 (August 1980), 396-412.

 

“Rationality and Voting: A Downsian Analysis of the 1972 Election.” Western Political Quarterly 33 (March 1980), 38-49.

 

“Style Issue Voting: By the Strength of the Echo.” Political Behavior 1 (Fall 1979), 203-215, with James Campbell.

 

“Issue Voting: An Empirical Examination of Individually Necessary and Jointly Sufficient Conditions.” American Politics Quarterly 7 (January 1979), 21-50, with James Campbell.

 

“Bureaus, Clients, and Congress: The Impact of Interest Group Support on Budgeting.” Administration & Society 10 (February 1978), 447-466, with J. R. van Lohuizen.

 

“Regulatory Administration and Organizational Rigidity.” Western Political Quarterly 21 (March 1978), 80-95, with John P. Plumlee.

 

"Interest Groups in the Appropriations Process: The Wasted Profession Revisited.” Social Science Quarterly 59 (December 1978), 482-495 with J.R. van Lohuizen.

 

“Constraints on Affirmative Action.” Policy Studies Journal 7 (Winter 1978), 208-213.

 

“Client Representation in USDA Bureaus: Causes and Consequences.” Policy Studies Journal 6 (Summer 1978),  484-488.

 

“A Graphic Approach to Rosenberg's Affective-Cognitive Consistency Theory.” Human Relations 29 (1976), 273-285, with Robert A. Milne.

 

“Representative Bureaucracy and Policy Preferences: A Study in the Attitudes of Federal Executives.” Public Administration Review 36 (July/August 1976), 458-469, with Lloyd G. Nigro.

 

“Bureaucracy and the People: Is the Higher Federal Service Representative?” The Bureaucrat 4 (1975), 300-308, with Lloyd G. Nigro. 

 

“Party Identification and Vote Choice: The Causal Relationship.” Western Political Quarterly 18 (September 1975), 496-505.

 

“Executive Mobility in the Federal Service: A Career Perspective.” Public Administration Review 35 (May/June 1975), 291-295, with Lloyd Nigro.

 

“Representative Bureaucracy: An Empirical Analysis.” American Political Science Review 69 (June 1975), 526-542.